Development of a country or a state is reflected on what and how much it is contributing in the main stream of the flow of currency. In 1962 Bikaner joined the Industrial Development movement. Though somewhat late but in this short span of time its rise is far too long.
The first industrial area was delineated and the Bikaner district association formed, in between 1967-70 . The callous condition of living in Bikaner which made most of the Bikanerites to move to other regions and start there business there. But now the circumstances has been changed by the hard working and strength of Bikanerites. And also businessman were encouraged by the state authorities to start industries in their home district. Now not only Bikanerites but people from nearby areas are also participating in this eruption of industrial development.
It was early eighties that the small scale industries got the focus and the advancement was achieved at the end of eighties. Industries based on wool, Agricultural products, Chemicals and Ceramics were started in this period. In the present industrial estate, there are 250 fully developed plots with industries working on them . In 1980 , the Bikaner industries association mooted the idea of a second industrial estate and accordingly an area of 250 acres of land was set aside and the foundation stone for the scheme was laid by the Chief Minister Shiv Charan Mathur, on October 20, 1982.
The most flourishing industries in Bikaner are:
Bikaner has been the biggest Woolen mandi (Mart) not only in India but also in Asia. The city has been a center of wool trade for over 185 years. The wool from Bikaner is being used at Badhohi, Uttar Pradesh for making of quality carpets. It has been famous for carpet making for centuries. Bikaner Jail is still famous for its carpet weaving.
Bikaner has some good deposit of Gypsum at Jamsar, Kolayat 40km from Bikaner. Industries based on white clay, fullers-earth, and yellow ocher are working in Bikaner. Maharaja Ganga Singh had sent silica-sand to Belgium and quality glass articles using this raw material had been specially manufactured and can be seen in the museum in Bikaner even today.
Bikaner has emerged as main center for ceramic industry with 30 ceramic units development is continuing more and more entrepreneurs are coming forward to set up ceramic industries.
Bhujiya and Namkeen Industry
Bikaner is famous worldwide for its Papad and Bhujia. Bhujia has always been identified with Bikaner. The tasty Rajasthani food can never be completed without Bhujia , which is actually a Namkeen prepared with the strength of arm. There are hundreds of big and small units making Papad and Bhujia which provide employment to thousands of people. At present there are about 425 units producing Bhujia in Bikaner district and nearby areas of Shri Dungargarh, Churu, Nagaur and Sri-Gaganagar. Out of these only a few have a proper plant and well planned production system, the rest are small and cottage type industries.
The future of industrial development of Bikaner is bright with two essential ingredients, water from the Rajasthan canal and power from the Suratgarh Thermal Power Plant. Development in Bikaner is likely to get a major boost plus the ever hard working population of Bikaner which has evolved itself from the hard terrain life with very less resources and now after Rajasthan canal it is definitely going to be an emerging city.