“Acquaint yourself with the indispensable ship of the desert at this camel research and breeding centre, the only one of its kind in Asia.”
Camel constitutes a vital species of the desert ecosystem. It utilizes various adaptive mechanisms that are most suited to desert life. It can survive in hot climate with high solar radiation and sustain on coarse fodder ,salty and thorny bushes. Considering the importance of the species in development of arid and semi-arid zones, the Indian Council of Agriculture Research (ICAR) has established National Research Center on Camel (NRCC) at Jorbeer,Bikaner(8 kms).It came into existence on 5th July,1984. Bikaner is the home tract of camel breed Bikaneri that is true representative of single humped Indian camels (Camelus dromedarius).
This government-managed farm is unique and largest in Asia. There are hundreds of camels here and the scenario in late afternoon is great when camels come back from grazing. It’s here that you can see what an interesting animal the camel is. You can have some thick camel milk while listening to a Raika or Rebari, a camel breeder’s tribe telling you about camels and camellore and how they are bred. The gamboling baby-camels make a very enchanting sight.The British army had camel corps drawn from Bikaner during WorldWar I.
The experimental results under progress have indicated that a well built adult camel weighing about 6-7 quintals could haul 18-20 quintals for 4 hrs. covering a distance of 20 km. at an average speed of 5kph without showing any signs of distress. The slender riding camel can cover up to 100 km in a day at an average speed of 15 kph. Camel milk is very rich in vitamin C and keeping quality is good. Camel hair are utilized for making animal cover clothing, rough cloth, ropes, blankets, carriage bags, belts, wallets, etc.
Since vegetable matter content of camel hair is between 4-5%, its worthwhile to blend it with polyester, wool, silk waste. The translucent structure of camel hides makes them useful for making items of tourist interests such as lamp shades, toys, drums, containers and other decorative objects. The aim objective of NRCC is directed towards making camel an economically viable proposition for camel-rearers